What is the scrotum in men: structure and role in the reproductive system

The genitals can be external and internal, they are all responsible for the sexual activity of a man. It is imperative to know what the scrotum is, as it directly affects the sexual health, potency and reproductive function of a man. The main task of the scrotum is to determine the erectile function, and after that the reproductive function.

The structure, anatomical features, rules of care and possible diseases, all this should be known to every man. Any problems sooner or later can lead to secondary ailments of the reproductive system and other complications. Do not underestimate the protective function of the scrotum, which is necessary to preserve the normal functioning of all reproductive organs.

What is the scrotum, and where is it located in men?

In appearance, it is already possible to predetermine the structure and type of the organ, as well as its main tasks and purposes from an anatomical point of view. The scrotum is an external organ of the protrusion of the anterior wall of the peritoneum, which is observed exclusively in males. Thanks to the scrotum, the sperm-producing organs are in optimal conditions for this.

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By nature, it is predetermined that for the maturation of spermatozoa and their safety, an optimal temperature regime is needed — from 35 degrees and not at all lower. The scrotum is the external organ that guarantees sperm such a temperature and protection from external factors. Thanks to the scrotum, the testicles of a man, passing through the walls of the peritoneum, are placed in a skin sac to preserve their functions.

For reference! The scrotum is nothing more than a special bag for supporting a man’s testicles and protecting them from external and internal factors of influence. The scrotum creates the most favorable conditions for a man to be able to produce offspring.

What does the scrotum look like?

If you know the structure of the scrotum, you can understand exactly how it keeps the testicles inside itself, how it provides them with protection from hypothermia and overheating. In anatomy, the scrotum is the external genital organ, which has a multilayer structure. Namely:

  1. Skin layer — This is dark brown leather, gathered in folds. It does not have sebaceous glands, instead of them there are apocrine sweat glands, which form a specific smell of the human body. A suture runs in the middle of the skin layer, which flows into the septum between the testicles.
  2. Fleshy layer — an analogue of subcutaneous fat, located in the peritoneum. In this layer, connective tissues and smooth muscle cells are located, due to which the septum is formed.
  3. External seminal fascia — a thin connective tissue sheath, which acts as a continuation of the oblique muscle fascia.
  4. Cremaster fascia — nothing more than muscles in the form of a connective tissue membrane that hold the testicles in the right position inside the scrotum.
  5. Cremaster — Another muscle group or derivative of the oblique and transverse muscles, which is responsible for raising the testicles.
  6. Internal seminal fascia — we are talking about the connective tissue, due to which a thin shell is formed for the continuation of the transverse fascia of the torso.
  7. Vaginal membrane — elastic tissue of serosa that comes out of the peritoneum. It consists of two leaflets on the inside, namely the outer parietal and inner visceral leaflets. Thanks to the second leaflet, the testicles are covered, and liquid is also assumed between these two leaves, which ensures free movement of the testicles inside the scrotum.
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This complex structure is due to the importance of all the functions and purposes of the scrotum, as well as its ability to influence the functions and processes of the entire reproductive system. In addition to these layers, the scrotum also has nerve endings and blood vessels in its structure, the latter are responsible for the erection of a man, and the nerves are responsible for sexual stimulation and enjoyment of intimate moments.

Scrotum care

To protect the scrotum and testicles of a man from infectious, inflammatory and skin diseases, it is important to follow all measures for the care of the external genital organs. Looking at the scrotum, grooming involves two typical processes — hygiene and depilation.


The simplest way a man can take care of the health of the external genital organs is to regularly observe all the rules of hygiene. This includes a daily shower with soap to cleanse the skin of impurities and pathogenic microflora. It is extremely significant for a man to monitor what kind of underwear he wears to protect his skin from friction, allergies and irritation. Underwear should be loose and made from natural «breathable» fabrics to keep the scrotum in a comfortable environment.

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Depilation and epilation

Depilation refers to the simple shaving of the hair in the desired area. In order not to damage the thin skin, where many vessels are located, with a sharp blade, experts advise using a trimmer. If you use an electric shaver, sometimes hairs can get stuck in it, which leads to unpleasant sensations. Epilation is the removal of hair from the root; men are offered chemical epilation of the scrotum. In this case, you need to be careful, as there is a high likelihood of allergic reactions.

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The scrotum is an extremely important organ of the male reproductive system, which is responsible for the safety and correct location of the testicles inside themselves. Accordingly, the reproductive function of a man, that is, his ability to give offspring, also depends on the health and normal structure of the scrotum. Thanks to the scrotum, the testes are always in the optimal temperature regime for life and sperm production. And any pathologies and disorders in the scrotum lead to problems in sexual life.

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