Baldness is an urgent problem of the modern population, and to a greater extent it affects the male half. According to statistics, about 60% of men aged 25-35 years are faced with hair loss, but only a few turn to it in a timely manner. In fact, the question of whether it is possible to restore hair after baldness in men will only be answered unambiguously by a medical specialist based on examinations.
Before the trichologist prescribes a course of treatment for alopecia for a man, it is necessary to determine the causes and provoking factors that led to this condition of the hair on the head. Based on these data, it is possible to discard ineffective techniques, making up a course of therapy only from appropriate and expedient methods. Hair restoration after baldness is possible with the help of several types of treatment — physiotherapy, medicines, surgery.
Restoring hair growth with therapy
Trichologists note that most patients ask the question whether it is possible to restore hair after hair loss, much later than necessary. Any disease and disorder can be quickly eliminated with competent therapy, if you seek help in a timely manner. Also in the case of alopecia, advanced stages are difficult to correct, unless radical methods are used. Today, doctors offer several modern methods of hair restoration.
An effective and widespread method of hair restoration on the head today is iontophoresis. It involves the introduction of drugs into the scalp at the site of baldness, as well as exposure to constant galvanic current. This leads to an acceleration of blood flow, maximum nutrition of the hair follicles with the necessary components, and an improvement in metabolic processes. As a result, the hair roots become strong, and hair growth accelerates significantly.
Electrical stimulation (myostimulation)
To restore the activity of the tissues responsible for hair growth, the specialist acts on the right places with impulse currents. They act on the walls of blood vessels, thereby triggering reserve capillaries, as well as accelerating metabolism. Thanks to this effect, the volume of fat cells is reduced, and the balance of hormones is also balanced.
Another popular way to restore hair is microcurrent therapy, which involves exposure of the affected skin to a modulated ultra-low pulse electric current through electrodes. All this guarantees a pronounced effect, when the penetration of current into subcutaneous cells and tissues leads to an improvement in metabolism, metabolism, excretion of metabolic products, as well as the restoration of bulbs.
A radically different way to restore hair after baldness in men is cryotherapy, that is, exposure to liquid nitrogen in order to freeze the skin on the head. With the help of special applicators, nitrogen is evenly distributed on the desired area of the scalp, it performs the functions of massage. The result will be already noticeable after 2-3 procedures.
In places where severe alopecia is observed, the specialist installs cups to create a vacuum effect. Thanks to this, blood flow and oxygen supply to the hair follicles are accelerated, toxins are cleansed, and blood stagnation is prevented or eliminated. There are contraindications to the technique that are important to consider, for example, scarring, trauma, skin burns.
This technique involves exposure to the scalp with a low current with a high voltage. All this leads to vasodilation and lymph drainage. This, in turn, speeds up the metabolism, cleanses the skin of toxins, and also reduces the activity of the sebaceous glands. Also, experts note that current discharges contribute to the production of ozone, which contributes to the saturation of the scalp and hair follicles with oxygen.
Laser therapy is the most popular way to treat various diseases and disorders in the body, including baldness. The specialist uses the energy of a low-activity laser to restore lost hair and thicken existing ones. Regularly, you should perform procedures lasting 20-30 minutes to increase blood circulation and improve metabolism. This will leave your hair healthy, strong and thick.
All of these techniques are appropriate only for stage one and two alopecia, but if the absence of hair on the head is too noticeable, doctors consider the possibility of surgery, that is, transplantation of hair or tissue sites.
To ensure the restoration of lost hair, in addition to physiotherapy, doctors prescribe a comprehensive treatment. For this, shampoos and masks, ointments, as well as a preparation for oral administration are used. The following options are recognized as the best drugs:
- Minoxidil — an imported American-made remedy for the treatment of baldness in the form of a lotion. It is necessary to apply the product to the affected areas strictly according to the instructions for at least 6-12 months. The main effect of the drug is to dilate blood vessels, accelerate blood flow and improve metabolic processes. The drug has contraindications that are important to consider during therapy.
- Finasteride — An Indian drug in the form of tablets, which is prescribed by a doctor only for the first and second stages of baldness. The tool has been used for a long time, its action is to suppress substances that convert testosterone to dihydrotestosterone. The drug has practically no side effects, therefore it enjoys the approval of many doctors.
- Kera-Nova — Russian remedy in the form of a mask, which guarantees intensive hair restoration in case of male pattern baldness. The composition contains valuable plant extracts, a complex of vitamins and minerals, thanks to which hair follicles are restored, new hair begins to grow at a normal pace. It is only important to apply the mask regularly in combination with other means.
Also, the method of treatment of baldness is actively practiced — mesotherapy, during which the patient is injected with drugs and vitamin cocktails, and also acts with an apparatus for accelerating the action of these funds directly in the right place. The procedures are painless, effective and have no strict contraindications. Hair transplantation
Baldness at the last stage of development, when a man has lost a significant part of his hair, and conservative methods have proved ineffective, requires surgical treatment. We are talking about hair transplantation from other areas, that is, hair or tissue transplantation. The practice of transplantation has been relevant for more than half a century, for the first time it was carried out in 1939 in Japan. Today, hair transplant is the only 100% result in the treatment of baldness, it is performed in an operational and non-surgical way.
What is hair transplant and how is it done?
Many men face the problem of scalp hair loss, but few understand what a hair transplant operation is to cure alopecia. Hair transplantation involves the extraction of hair from the donor area by a specialist, after which it is staged in the desired area where hair loss is observed. The operational and non-surgical methods differ in the options for extracting and staging biomaterials.
For reference! Modern hair transplant methods are performed painlessly and quickly, without complications or scars. Non-surgical methods help to get rid of alopecia of various types, surgical methods — from alopecia of any stage of development.
Hair Transplant Operation Methods
The surgeon’s main tool is a scalpel, with the help of which the doctor cuts out a strip of skin from the donor area, after which it is transplanted with tweezers into the hair loss area, where incisions are made. In the area where the donor material was taken, a scar 15-20 cm long may remain.
But at the same time, the area where there is no hair left at all, after the end of the operation, will be covered with new tissues and hair. Doctors note that, despite the 100% effectiveness of this method of treatment, it will be impossible to restore the natural density of regrown hair, even if a second transplant is carried out.
Non-surgical hair transplant methods
This method of treating alopecia has its origins in the 90s of the last century, being a more gentle option for hair transplantation. To begin with, the specialist performs the first stage — the extraction of hair from the donor area by rotating the punch with a diameter of 1,8–5 mm. Then donor hairs are transferred with tweezers to the baldness area, inserted into specially prepared punctures or incisions.
If in the first case a scar remains at the site of taking the donor biomaterial, then the non-surgical technique leaves many small shallow scars. The non-surgical technique in medicine is called HFE; it also does not guarantee natural hair density after hair transplantation.
Hair loss prevention
It is much easier to prevent any disease or disorder in the body in advance, so doctors pay special attention to the prevention of baldness. It is necessary to adhere to simple rules, first of all, for those men who fall into the risk zone, as well as for all other men aged 35 and over. Trichologists’ advice on the prevention of alopecia are as follows:
- prevention of any scalp injuries;
- regular scalp massage while combing and washing your hair;
- regular intake of vitamins during the off-season;
- balanced diet and an active lifestyle;
- it is better to wash your hair with cool water, since hot water leads to increased work of the sebaceous glands and injury to the follicles;
- you need to wash your hair with shampoo, which is selected taking into account the characteristics of the scalp and hair type;
- in the cold season, hair and scalp should be protected from frost with a hat.
It is also important for a man to promptly treat any systemic diseases, from influenza to cardiovascular or endocrine pathologies. To prevent baldness, it is better to get rid of bad habits, eat healthy foods, and lead an active lifestyle.
Baldness today suffers from every 6 men out of 10 observed in the age group 25-35 years old, statistics show colossal numbers of patients with alopecia in old age. A man needs to know all the factors of influence that can lead to alopecia and early hair loss in order to exclude them from his life in every possible way. If a diagnosis is made, the trichologist will establish the causes of the disorder, according to which the therapy method will be selected.